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【讲座录音】搞定托福阅读长难句

2013-08-30    来源:putclub    【大乐透走势图浙江      美国外教 在线口语培训

本文地址:http://www.dmhes.com.cn/html/AandV/puteYYLectureRecording/20130830/75450.html
文章摘要:【讲座录音】搞定托福阅读长难句,门坎几件事贪多,终成空将本求财八路军。

 

三招一式搞定托福阅读长难句

黄华鑫讲座录音+笔记

 
考托福阅读的时候,遇到长难句,就不知道该怎么办了,长长的一句话延绵不断了两三行,就是没看出个所以然。这也就算了,关键是做题的时候还要考这句!肿么办肿么办?大家不要慌!黄小幺老师来给你点拨了,教你用“三招一式搞定托福阅读长难句”!精彩请听录音!

 

 
讲座主题:三招一式搞定托福阅读长难句

讲座嘉宾:黄华鑫

本次讲座主要内容:

 【Why】
According to conventional theory, yawning takes place when people are bored or sleepy and serves the function of increasing alertness by reversing, through deeper breathing, the drop in blood oxygen levels that are caused by the shallow breathing that accompanies lack of sleep or boredom.

1. 句子简化题
2. 阅读速度
3. 做题速度
4. 托福写作
 
【What】

 


托福阅读长难句

一.从句

• Having meals is an important question.

• Where we go to eat is an important question.

• What we eat is an important question.

• He answered a question.

• He answered that he knew nothing about the scandal.

• The girl who speaks in Japanese is Xiao Yao.

二.从句连接词

That、W词:

What、whether、who 、whom、whose、which 、when、where、why

H词:

How、how often, etc.

PS:ever、if 状语从句连接词看意思,介词+who/whom/which

三.定语从句

原则1:形容词化处理

• In areas where weather can become cold after eggs are laid, it is very important to maintain a deep foundation of nesting material to act as insulator against the cold bottom of the box.


原则2:补词处理

He then set up experiments with caged starlings and found that their orientation was in the proper migratory direction except when the sky was overcast, at which times there was no clear direction to their restless movements.


原则3:拆分处理

Large wind farms might also interfere with the flight patterns of migratory birds in certain areas, and they have killed large birds of prey (especially hawks, falcons, and eagles) that prefer to hunt along the same ridge lines that are ideal for wind turbines.
重复翻译 从句所修饰的核心名词

 

四.状语从句

• If the empty shell of a snail or clam is sufficiently durable and resistant to dissolution, it may remain basically unchanged for a long period.


五.状语从句连接词:

时间:when, while, as, before, after, until, till, since, ever since,

now(that), once, as soon as, etc.

地点:where

因果:because, since, as, for, seeing(that), considering that, in that, so that; so…that, such…that, etc.

目的:in order that, so that, lest, etc.

条件:if, unless, supposing, in case, so (as) long as, so far as, on

condition (that), provided (that),etc.

比较:than;

让步:though, although, even if, even though, as, however, whatever,

no matter+特殊疑问词,etc.

方式:as


状语从句:保持对逻辑的敏感度


六.分词结构


分词结构


七.后置定语

• The girl who speaks in Japanese is Xiao Yao.

• The girl speaking in Japanese is Xiao Yao.

• The lecture which was held last week is very important.

• The lecture held last week is very important.

八.状语

• When we climbed to the top of the tower, we saw a magnificent view.

• Climbing to the top of the tower, we saw a magnificent view.


• TOEFL reading is very difficult, causing sever anxieties among students.

• Given more time, we will finish this task in a more perfect way.
 

九.同位语从句
连接词that

核心名词:fact, view, argument, claim, theory,  hypothesis, etc.

误区

• Fladmark’s hypothesis received additional support from the fact that the greatest diversity in Native American languages occurs along the west coast of the Americans, suggesting that this region has been settled the longest.
 

原则1:从句内容+这一+抽象名词意思

• The fact that half of the known species are thought to inhabit the world’s rain forests does not seem surprising,considering the huge numbers of insects that comprise the bulk of the species.


原则2: 拆分处理

• The common belief of some linguists (that each language is a perfect vehicle for the thoughts of the nation speaking it )is in some ways the exact counterpart of the conviction of the Manchester school of economics (that supply and demand will regulate everything for the best).

定语从句

状语从句

分词结构

同位语从句

插入语

倒装


【How】

一.断句

句子构成原则

1. 从句一般包含连接词(That/W词/H词)或者介词+连接词;

2. 句子(从句)中必须包含至少一个谓语动词 (V.单三词组时态情态语态变化)且与主语保持一致;

3. 并列连词连接的成分一致;
 

三招一式

1. 重视连接词(That/W词/H词)

2. 关注谓语动词

3. 关注并列连词

4. 关注逻辑词


【小结】

 


托福阅读长难句

 

 


托福阅读长难句

 

本期讲座PPT详细戳http://www.dmhes.com.cn//space.php?uid=3128003&do=blog&id=369289

更多名师讲座PPT http://www.dmhes.com.cn//space.php?uid=3128003&do=blog&view=me

历次名师讲座录音 http://www.dmhes.com.cn/html/AandV/puteYYmingshidaketang/jiangzuoluyin/index.html



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